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Carbonation Chart: A CO2 Solubility Table

By HomeBrewing.com Staff


Forced carbonation can be achieved in just a few steps. Start with mature, filtered beer. Then put the beer into a bulk vessel and chill to your serving temperature. Determine the volume of CO2 needed for your particular style of beer and apply CO2, agitate as needed. There are a few methods of forced carbonation that you may use when kegging including:

Top Gassing - Pressurize the closed keg through the gas line. Pressure works its way through the beer from the top down. It is slow, usually takes many days.
Down-tube Gassing - Pressurize closed keg through the serving port (beer out). Use dedicated connector. Agitate keg vigorously.
Carbonation Stone - Improves diffusion of gas and speeds dissolution. Essential in tanks that can't be picked up. Using a carbonation stone inside of a sealed keg, ultra-fine CO2 bubbles are introduced to the beer from the bottom of the keg. Faster and more efficient than top gassing, but more complicated.

Typical CO2 Saturation by Style (in volumes)
English Ales 1.5 - 2.0   European Lagers 2.2 - 2.7
Stout/Porter 1.7 - 2.3   American Ales/Lagers 2.2 - 2.7
Belgian Ales 1.9 - 2.4   Lambic 2.4 - 2.8
Wheat Beer 3.3 - 4.5   Fruit Lambic 3.0 - 4.5
Pressure (PSI)
(°F) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
30 1.82 1.92 2.03 2.14 2.23 2.36 2.48 2.60 2.70 2.82 2.93 3.02 3.13 3.24 3.35 3.46 3.57 3.67 3.78 3.89 4.00 4.11 4.22 4.33 4.44 4.55 4.66 4.77 4.87 4.98
31 1.78 1.88 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.31 2.42 2.54 2.65 2.76 2.86 2.96 3.07 3.17 3.28 3.39 3.50 3.60 3.71 3.82 3.93 4.03 4.14 4.25 4.35 4.46 4.57 4.68 4.78 4.89
32 1.75 1.85 1.95 2.05 2.15 2.27 2.38 2.48 2.59 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.11 3.21 3.31 3.42 3.52 3.63 3.73 3.84 3.94 4.04 4.15 4.25 4.36 4.46 4.57 4.67 4.77
33 1.71 1.81 1.91 2.01 2.10 2.23 2.33 2.43 2.53 2.63 2.74 2.84 2.96 3.06 3.15 3.25 3.35 3.46 3.56 3.66 3.76 3.87 3.97 4.07 4.18 4.28 4.38 4.48 4.59 4.69
34 1.68 1.78 1.86 1.97 2.06 2.18 2.28 2.38 2.48 2.58 2.69 2.79 2.90 3.00 3.09 3.19 3.29 3.39 3.49 3.59 3.69 3.79 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60
35 1.63 1.73 1.83 1.93 2.02 2.14 2.24 2.34 2.43 2.52 2.63 2.73 2.83 2.93 3.02 3.12 3.22 3.32 3.42 3.52 3.62 3.72 3.82 3.92 4.01 4.11 4.21 4.31 4.41 4.51
36 1.60 1.69 1.79 1.88 1.98 2.09 2.19 2.29 2.38 2.47 2.57 2.67 2.77 2.86 2.96 3.05 3.15 3.24 3.34 3.43 3.53 3.63 3.72 3.82 3.92 4.01 4.11 4.21 4.30 4.40
37 1.55 1.65 1.74 1.84 1.94 2.04 2.14 2.24 2.33 2.42 2.52 2.62 2.71 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.09 3.18 3.27 3.37 3.46 3.56 3.65 3.75 3.84 3.94 4.03 4.13 4.22 4.32
38 1.52 1.61 1.71 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.29 2.38 2.48 2.57 2.66 2.75 2.85 2.94 3.03 3.12 3.21 3.30 3.40 3.49 3.59 3.68 3.77 3.87 3.96 4.06 4.15 4.24
39 1.49 1.58 1.67 1.77 1.86 1.96 2.06 2.15 2.25 2.34 2.43 2.52 2.61 2.70 2.80 2.89 2.98 3.07 3.16 3.25 3.34 3.44 3.53 3.62 3.71 3.81 3.90 3.99 4.08 4.18
40 1.47 1.56 1.65 1.74 1.83 1.92 2.01 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.39 2.47 2.56 2.65 2.75 2.84 2.93 3.01 3.10 3.19 3.28 3.37 3.46 3.55 3.64 3.73 3.82 3.91 4.01 4.10
41 1.43 1.52 1.61 1.70 1.79 1.88 1.97 2.06 2.16 2.25 2.34 2.43 2.52 2.60 2.70 2.79 2.88 2.96 3.05 3.14 3.23 3.32 3.41 3.50 3.59 3.68 3.77 3.86 3.95 4.04
42 1.39 1.48 1.57 1.66 1.75 1.85 1.94 2.02 2.12 2.21 2.30 2.39 2.48 2.56 2.65 2.74 2.83 2.91 3.00 3.09 3.18 3.26 3.35 3.44 3.53 3.62 3.70 3.79 3.88 3.97
43 1.37 1.46 1.54 1.63 1.72 1.81 1.90 1.99 2.08 2.17 2.26 2.34 2.43 2.52 2.61 2.69 2.78 2.86 2.95 3.04 3.13 3.21 3.30 3.39 3.47 3.56 3.65 3.74 3.82 3.91
44 1.35 1.43 1.52 1.60 1.69 1.78 1.87 1.95 2.04 2.13 2.22 2.30 2.39 2.47 2.56 2.64 2.73 2.81 2.90 2.99 3.07 3.10 3.24 3.33 3.41 3.50 3.58 3.67 3.76 3.84
45 1.32 1.41 1.49 1.58 1.66 1.75 1.84 1.91 2.00 2.08 2.17 2.26 2.34 2.42 2.51 2.60 2.69 2.77 2.86 2.94 3.02 3.11 3.19 3.28 3.36 3.45 3.53 3.62 3.70 3.79
46 1.28 1.37 1.45 1.54 1.62 1.71 1.80 1.88 1.96 2.04 2.13 2.22 2.30 2.38 2.47 2.55 2.64 2.72 2.81 2.89 2.98 3.06 3.15 3.23 3.31 3.40 3.48 3.57 3.65 3.74
47 1.26 1.34 1.42 1.51 1.59 1.68 1.76 1.84 1.92 2.00 2.09 2.18 2.26 2.34 2.42 2.50 2.59 2.67 2.76 2.84 2.93 3.02 3.09 3.18 3.26 3.35 3.43 3.51 3.60 3.68
48 1.23 1.31 1.39 1.48 1.56 1.65 1.73 1.81 1.89 1.96 2.05 2.14 2.22 2.30 2.38 2.46 2.54 2.62 2.71 2.79 2.88 2.96 3.04 3.13 3.21 3.30 3.38 3.46 3.54 3.63
49 1.21 1.29 1.37 1.45 1.53 1.62 1.70 1.79 1.86 1.93 2.01 2.10 2.18 2.25 2.34 2.42 2.50 2.58 2.67 2.75 2.83 2.91 3.00 3.07 3.15 3.23 3.31 3.39 3.47 3.56
50 1.18 1.26 1.34 1.42 1.50 1.59 1.66 1.74 1.82 1.90 1.98 2.06 2.14 2.21 2.30 2.38 2.46 2.54 2.62 2.70 2.78 2.86 2.94 3.02 3.10 3.17 3.25 3.33 3.41 3.49
51 1.18 1.26 1.34 1.42 1.49 1.57 1.64 1.71 1.79 1.87 1.95 2.02 2.10 2.18 2.26 2.34 2.42 2.49 2.57 2.65 2.74 2.82 2.90 2.97 3.05 3.13 3.19 3.27 3.34 3.42
52 1.16 1.23 1.31 1.39 1.46 1.54 1.61 1.68 1.76 1.84 1.92 1.99 2.06 2.14 2.22 2.30 2.38 2.45 2.53 2.61 2.68 2.76 2.84 2.92 3.00 3.06 3.13 3.22 3.30 3.37
53 1.14 1.21 1.29 1.36 1.44 1.51 1.59 1.66 1.74 1.81 1.89 1.96 2.03 2.10 2.18 2.26 2.34 2.41 2.49 2.57 2.64 2.71 2.79 2.86 2.94 3.01 3.09 3.16 3.24 3.31
54 1.12 1.19 1.27 1.34 1.41 1.49 1.56 1.63 1.71 1.78 1.86 1.93 2.00 2.07 2.15 2.22 2.30 2.37 2.45 2.52 2.59 2.66 2.74 2.81 2.89 2.96 3.04 3.10 3.17 3.24
55 1.10 1.17 1.24 1.31 1.39 1.46 1.53 1.60 1.68 1.75 1.82 1.89 1.97 2.04 2.12 2.18 2.26 2.33 2.40 2.47 2.54 2.62 2.69 2.76 2.83 2.89 2.97 3.04 3.11 3.18
56 1.07 1.15 1.22 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.50 1.57 1.65 1.72 1.79 1.86 1.93 2.00 2.08 2.15 2.22 2.29 2.36 2.43 2.50 2.57 2.64 2.71 2.78 2.85 2.92 2.99 3.06 3.13
57 1.05 1.12 1.19 1.26 1.33 1.40 1.47 1.54 1.62 1.70 1.77 1.83 1.90 1.97 2.04 2.11 2.18 2.25 2.32 2.39 2.46 2.53 2.60 2.66 2.73 2.80 2.87 2.94 3.00 3.08
58 1.03 1.10 1.17 1.24 1.30 1.37 1.44 1.51 1.59 1.67 1.74 1.80 1.87 1.94 2.01 2.08 2.15 2.21 2.28 2.35 2.42 2.48 2.55 2.62 2.69 2.75 2.82 2.88 2.95 3.02
59 1.02 1.09 1.16 1.22 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.49 1.56 1.64 1.71 1.77 1.84 1.91 1.98 2.04 2.11 2.17 2.24 2.31 2.38 2.43 2.50 2.57 2.64 2.70 2.77 2.84 2.91 2.97
60 1.01 1.08 1.15 1.21 1.28 1.34 1.41 1.47 1.54 1.62 1.68 1.75 1.82 1.88 1.95 2.01 2.08 2.14 2.21 2.27 2.34 2.40 2.47 2.53 2.60 2.66 2.73 2.79 2.86 2.92
61 0.99 1.05 1.12 1.18 1.24 1.31 1.37 1.44 1.50 1.57 1.63 1.69 1.76 1.82 1.89 1.95 2.02 2.08 2.14 2.21 2.27 2.34 2.40 2.47 2.53 2.59 2.66 2.72 2.79 2.85
62 0.96 1.02 1.09 1.15 1.21 1.27 1.34 1.40 1.46 1.53 1.59 1.65 1.71 1.78 1.84 1.90 1.97 2.03 2.09 2.15 2.22 2.28 2.34 2.41 2.47 2.53 2.59 2.66 2.72 2.78
63 0.93 0.99 1.06 1.12 1.18 1.24 1.30 1.36 1.42 1.49 1.55 1.61 1.67 1.73 1.79 1.85 1.92 1.98 2.04 2.10 2.16 2.22 2.28 2.35 2.41 2.47 2.53 2.59 2.65 2.71
64 0.91 0.97 1.03 1.09 1.15 1.21 1.27 1.33 1.39 1.45 1.51 1.57 1.63 1.69 1.75 1.81 1.87 1.93 1.99 2.05 2.11 2.17 2.23 2.29 2.35 2.41 2.47 2.52 2.58 2.64
65 0.88 0.94 1.00 1.06 1.11 1.17 1.23 1.29 1.35 1.41 1.46 1.52 1.58 1.64 1.70 1.76 1.82 1.87 1.93 1.99 2.05 2.11 2.17 2.23 2.28 2.34 2.40 2.46 2.52 2.58
66 0.85 0.91 0.97 1.02 1.08 1.14 1.20 1.25 1.31 1.37 1.42 1.48 1.54 1.59 1.65 1.71 1.77 1.82 1.88 1.94 1.99 2.05 2.11 2.16 2.22 2.28 2.34 2.39 2.45 2.51
67 0.83 0.88 0.94 0.99 1.05 1.10 1.16 1.22 1.27 1.33 1.38 1.44 1.49 1.55 1.60 1.66 1.72 1.77 1.83 1.88 1.94 1.99 2.05 2.10 2.16 2.22 2.27 2.33 2.38 2.44
68 0.80 0.85 0.91 0.96 1.02 1.07 1.12 1.18 1.23 1.29 1.34 1.39 1.45 1.50 1.56 1.61 1.67 1.72 1.77 1.83 1.88 1.94 1.99 2.04 2.10 2.15 2.21 2.26 2.32 2.37
69 0.77 0.83 0.88 0.93 0.98 1.04 1.09 1.14 1.19 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.46 1.51 1.56 1.62 1.67 1.72 1.77 1.83 1.88 1.93 1.98 2.04 2.09 2.14 2.20 2.25 2.30
70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.16 1.21 1.26 1.31 1.36 1.41 1.46 1.51 1.57 1.62 1.67 1.72 1.77 1.82 1.87 1.92 1.98 2.03 2.08 2.13 2.18 2.23

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Published: August 11, 2012

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